Video – Tiraspol (Transnistria – Moldavia) – Estate 2009

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Terza parte del Viaggio estivo 2009, tra Bucarest (Romania), Chisinau (Moldavia), Tiraspol (Transnistria), Kiev (Ucraina) e Mosca (Russia)! In questa sintesi montata ammirerete le bellezze della “capitale” TRANSNISTRIANA.

Ai confini orienti dellEuropa esiste uno Stato fantasma. Ha una sua bandiera, un suo presidente, un suo governo, un suo parlamento, una sua moneta, un suo esercito, una sua polizia. Ma nessun paese al mondo ne riconosce lesistenza.
Si chiama Transnistria: una sottile striscia di territorio moldavo che si estende tra la sponda est del fiume Dniester e il confine ucraino. E’ l’unica repubblica sovietica ancora esistente al mondo: stelle rosse e statue bronzee di Lenin fanno ancora parte del panorama urbano della capitale Tiraspol. Enorme quella che troneggia davanti al pazzo del Soviet Supremo. Ma dietro la vernice rossa del veterocomunismo si nasconde il vero potere: la mafia russa, che ha trasformato questa repubblica in un paradiso del contrabbando di droga, petrolio, alcool, sigarette e soprattutto armi.
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Transnistria is a breakaway territory located mostly on a strip of land between the Dniester River and the eastern Moldovan border to Ukraine. Since its declaration of independence in 1990, and especially after the War of Transnistria in 1992, it is governed de facto as the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic (PMR, also known as “Pridnestrovie”), an unrecognized state which claims the territory to the east of the river Dniester, the city of Bender and its surrounding localities located on the west bank. The Republic of Moldova does not recognize the secession and considers territories controlled by the PMR to be part of Moldova’s autonomous region of Stînga Nistrului (“Left Bank of the Dniester”).
Transnistria’s sovereignty is unrecognized by any United Nations member state and it has no diplomatic relations with them.
After the dissolution of the USSR, tensions between the Moldovan government and the breakaway unrecognized state’s authorities in Tiraspol escalated into a military conflict that started in March 1992 and was concluded by a ceasefire in July 1992. As part of that agreement, a three-party (Russia, Moldova, Transnistria) Joint Control Commission supervises the security arrangements in the demilitarized zone, comprising 20 localities on both sides of the river. Although the ceasefire has held, the territory’s political status remains unresolved: commonly considered de jure part of Moldova, Transnistria is a de facto independent state.
It is organized as a presidential republic, with its own government, parliament, military, police, postal system, and currency. Its authorities have adopted a constitution, flag, national anthem, and a coat of arms. However, following a 2005 agreement between Moldova and Ukraine, all Transnistrian companies seeking to export goods through the Ukrainian border must be registered with the Moldovan authorities.
This agreement was implemented after the European Union Border Assistance Mission to Moldova and Ukraine (EUBAM) started its activity in 2005.
Most Transnistrians are Moldovan citizens,[11] but there are also many Transnistrians with Russian and Ukrainian citizenship.
Transnistria is sometimes compared with other post-Soviet frozen conflict zones such as Nagorno-Karabakh, Abkhazia, and South Ossetia. The latter two have recognised Transnistria as an independent state and have established diplomatic relations in return for Transnistria’s recognition of them

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